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Today is the 195 anniversary of the signing of the Turkmenchay treaty, concluded between tsarist Russia and Iran, which divided Azerbaijan into two parts. According to the Turkmenchay Treaty, concluded on February 10, 1828, the northern part of the Azerbaijani lands from the Araz River passed under the rule of tsarist Russia, and the southern part under the rule of Iran.

According to the agreement signed by the Russian general Ivan Paskevich and Abbas Mirza, the Armenian population from Iran and Turkey moved to Yerevan, Nakhchivan, Karabakh and etc. Iran also pledged to pay compensation to Russia, the Russian fleet received undivided control over the Caspian Sea, and Russian merchants received trading privileges in Iran.


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